Karka Sankranti Pooja Procedure Items List Prasadam Recipe


Know the details about the Karka Sankranti Pooja Procedure Items List Prasadam Recipe, Karka Sankranti Pooja Procedure Step By Step

Karka Sankranti Pooja: Step-by-Step Guide

Karka Sankranti, also known as Dakshinayana Sankranti, marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Cancer (Karka). It is a significant event in Hindu astrology, symbolizing the beginning of the southern journey of the sun. This day is considered highly auspicious for performing poojas and rituals. Here is a detailed guide to performing Karka Sankranti Pooja, including step-by-step procedures, items list, pooja costs, benefits, rules, and prasadam recipes.

Karka Sankranti Pooja Procedure Items List Prasadam Recipe

Step-by-Step Procedure

Step 1: Preparation

  • Clean the Pooja Area: Ensure the pooja area is clean and sanctified.
  • Take a Holy Bath: Begin your day with a bath, preferably using water mixed with Ganga Jal (holy water).

Step 2: Gather Pooja Items

  • Kalash (Sacred Pot)
  • Mango Leaves and Coconut
  • Flowers (marigold, lotus)
  • Fruits (five types)
  • Incense sticks and camphor
  • Ghee lamps
  • Sweets and Prasadam (offering)
  • Red and yellow cloths
  • Rice, turmeric, kumkum, and sandalwood paste
  • Holy water (Ganga Jal)
  • Betel leaves and nuts

Step 3: Setup the Pooja

  • Place the Kalash: Fill the Kalash with water, place mango leaves around its neck, and put a coconut on top.
  • Decorate the Idol: Place the idol or picture of Lord Surya (Sun God) at the center of your setup.
  • Arrange Items: Neatly place all pooja items around the deity.

Step 4: Invocation

  • Light Lamps and Incense: Light the ghee lamp and incense sticks to purify the space.
  • Chant Mantras: Recite mantras dedicated to Lord Surya, such as the Gayatri Mantra.

Step 5: Offerings

  • Flowers and Fruits: Offer flowers and fruits to the deity while reciting prayers.
  • Aarti: Perform the aarti (ritual of waving lighted wicks) with devotion.
  • Prasadam: Distribute the Prasadam among family members and devotees.

Step 6: Conclusion

  • Thank the Deity: Thank Lord Surya for his blessings.
  • Distribute Prasadam: Share the Prasadam with everyone present as it is considered holy and auspicious.

Items List

  • Kalash and Coconut
  • Flowers (marigold, lotus)
  • Fruits (five types)
  • Incense sticks and Camphor
  • Ghee Lamps
  • Sweets
  • Red and Yellow Cloths
  • Rice, Turmeric, Kumkum, Sandalwood Paste
  • Holy Water (Ganga Jal)
  • Betel Leaves and Nuts

Pooja Cost Range

The cost of performing Karka Sankranti Pooja varies depending on the scale and items used. Typically, it ranges between ₹500 to ₹2000.

Pooja Time

The best time to perform Karka Sankranti Pooja is during the Sankranti period, which lasts for about 40 Ghatis (approximately 16 hours) from the time of Sankranti. Morning hours are considered most auspicious.

Pooja Benefits

  • Spiritual Upliftment: Devotees experience heightened spiritual consciousness and mental peace.
  • Health and Energy: Worshipping the Sun God helps in attaining good health and vitality.
  • Prosperity: Prayers during this period attract wealth and financial stability.
  • Inner Strength: Builds inner strength and confidence in facing life’s challenges.


  • Fasting: Many devotees observe fasts on Karka Sankranti. You can opt for partial fasting by consuming fruits and milk.
  • Cleanliness: Maintain cleanliness throughout the pooja process.
  • Sankalpa: Take a vow (Sankalpa) stating your intentions before starting the pooja.

Prasadam Recipe: Sweet Pongal


  • Rice: 1 cup
  • Moong Dal: 1/4 cup
  • Jaggery: 1 cup (grated)
  • Ghee: 4 tablespoons
  • Cashews: 10
  • Raisins: 10
  • Cardamom Powder: 1 teaspoon
  • Water: 3 cups
  • Milk: 1 cup


  1. Roast Moong Dal: Dry roast moong dal until it turns golden brown.
  2. Cook Rice and Dal: Combine rice, roasted moong dal, and water in a pressure cooker. Cook for 3 whistles.
  3. Prepare Jaggery Syrup: Dissolve grated jaggery in a cup of water. Boil until it thickens slightly.
  4. Mix Together: Add cooked rice and dal mixture to the jaggery syrup. Stir well.
  5. Add Milk and Ghee: Pour milk and ghee into the mixture. Cook on low flame.
  6. Garnish: Fry cashews and raisins in ghee. Add them to the mixture along with cardamom powder.
  7. Serve: Offer as Prasadam.

Things to Know

  • Pooja Items: Ensure you have all the necessary items before starting the pooja.
  • Cleanliness: Always maintain cleanliness in your surroundings.
  • Mindful Eating: If fasting, consume light and sattvic food. Avoid tamasic food like garlic and onion.
  • Devotional Music: Play bhajans and devotional songs dedicated to Lord Surya throughout the day to maintain a spiritual atmosphere.


Q: Can Karka Sankranti Pooja be performed at home?
A: Yes, you can perform the pooja at home by following the prescribed rituals.

Q: What should I donate on Karka Sankranti?
A: Donating food, clothes, and money to the needy is considered highly auspicious on this day.

Q: Is fasting mandatory on Karka Sankranti?
A: Fasting is beneficial but not mandatory. Devotees may choose to fast based on their health conditions.

Q: Can women participate in Karka Sankranti Pooja?
A: Yes, both men and women can perform the pooja and participate in the rituals.

Q: What should I offer during the pooja?
A: Offer flowers, fruits, sweets, incense sticks, and holy water during the pooja.

Celebrating Karka Sankranti with devotion and adherence to rituals brings immense spiritual and material benefits. Plan your day to make the most of this auspicious occasion and seek divine blessings for a prosperous and harmonious life.

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